Sverdrup, Harald U. -

(1888-1957): Norwegian oceanographer and Arctic explorer. A professor of geophysics at the University of Oslo and director of the Norsk Polarinstitutt and director of Scripps Institution of Oceanography from 1936-1948. Sverdrup made fundamental contributions to the understanding of the circulation of the ocean and was the lead author of the textbook that defined the modern field of oceanography (Sverdrup, H. U., M. Johnson, R. H. Fleming, The Oceans, their physics, chemistry, and general biology. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1942.).